The History of Music: Charlie Parker - DIAL 201. Jazz/Bebop.
Charlie Parker is one of the most innovative figures in the Jazz scene of 20th century. He invented the bebop genre in 1939 by introducing the possibility to get melodically to any key from the 12 semitones of the chromatic scale. This new type of jazz was rejected by many traditional jazz musicians of the time, but Charlie Parker was changing the history of music. But since the Musicians' Union banned all the commercial recordings from 1942 to 1944 because of disagreements over royal payments, it was not until 1945, when the recording ban was lifted, that Parker's works, along with works by other bebop musicians and friends of Parker, like Dizzy Gillespie, Max Roach and Bud Powell, began to have a substantial effect on the jazz world. Despite his early death at 34 years old due to heavy drugs and alcohol abuse, in a few years alto sax player Charlie Parker had completely revolutionised the jazz and the music scene as a whole.
The following 22 minutes of jazz/bebop will change your life:
The History of Music: LA TRAVIATA. Classical.
"La Traviata" by Giuseppe Verdi is an Italian opera in three acts, which was first performed on 6 March 1853 at La Fenice opera house in Venice. It is based on "La dame aux camélias", a French novel by Alexandre Dumas. It talks about the turbolent love between Violetta Valery, a courtesan, and Alfredo Germont; love that is undermined by Alfredo's father, Giorgio, who wants Violetta to break her relationship with Alfredo because of familiar interests involving his daughter. Between the two a conflict begins to grow, as Alfredo doesn't know that his father is the cause of their breakup. As soon as he finds out about the sacrifice Violetta made for him and his sister, he rushes to his love to ask for her forgiveness. The two lovers reunite, but Violetta's illness (tubercolosis) gets worse, and she dies in Alfredo's arms.
A beautiful tragedy through love, fulfilment, sadness, anger, love again, hope, and finally despair.
I give you both the composition orchestrated by Arturo Toscanini, and the libretto with the english translation. Enjoy!