Monika Kuzminskaitė on Food & Eating PsychologyHealth psychologist, with special love for food and eating mattersSome time ago
12: When "healthy" becomes more important than "to eat" Vegans, gluten, quinoa and spirulina, abstaining, Ayurveda, halal, kosher, Atkins, Okinawa and South Beach... It looks that there is no shortage of food related cultural trends at any given time. At the same, no lack of pressure to comply with them. As it is often the case, there always are the ones for whom knowledge and advice which may be taken or not) become a ghost. Ortorexia is a specific eating disorder, which is defined as an obsession with eating foods that one considers healthy (1). It disrupts your ability to live your life normally, to have adequate relationships with other people, it takes over the thoughts, and when it is not possible to eat something that is considered a "healthy food" (according to the definition of that person) - an extreme anxiety is experienced, often leading to refusal of food all together. When it becomes a disorder, a set of specific symptoms become apparent: anxiety and shame after eating something that is not considered healthy, very strong interest in the indicators of physical health (weight, blood test results, endurance - for example while running marathons, etc.). Regular detoxifications, very precise eating schedules and food planning, elevating food and eating to the spiritual level. People try to eat only at home, because this is the only way to ensure the quality of the food preparation and avoid food additives, herbicides and pesticides (2). Researchers speculate that this is a version of obsessive compulsive disorder (3) with symptoms of rigidity, perfectionism, strong urge to control (which is focused narrowly on the socially acceptable urge to control the quality of the food). Compared to other eating disorders, orthorexia lacks usual symptoms - obsessive focus on the body weight and aim to remain fit or lean, skewed body image, compensatory behaviors (vomiting, using laxatives, intensive physical activity). Even though this disorder is studied still for a short time, it is likely that it is more common among people in medical profession (5) - it is suggested that some people study dietetics (6) to provide argument for their distorted interest in the healthy food. it is also common among artists (4). We all may have some similar symptoms. It does not make us sick. But what makes difference between a healthy stubbornness and power of will to eat in a healthy way, and a disordered interest in healthy eating that is actually harmful to your health? Photo: analogicus from Pixabay #spoonfulofreason #psychology #orthorexia My name is Monika, I am health and nutrition psychologist. I help to deal with daily and difficult questions about behavior, thinking, emotions. I write, teach and provide psychological counselling. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthorexia_nervosa 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemophobia 3. Orthorexia nervosa. A new eating behavior disorder?: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Berta_Bote/publication/8028963_Orthorexia_nervosa_A_new_eating_behavior_disorder/links/0deec5318789ba735b000000.pdf 4. Prevalence of orthorexia nervosa among Turkish performance artists: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Emine_Aksoydan/publication/24278273_Prevalence_of_orthorexia_nervosa_among_Turkish_performance_artists/links/0046352a169fa60ee9000000/Prevalence-of-orthorexia-nervosa-among-Turkish-performance-artists.pdf 5. Prevalence of orthorexia among medical students in Erzurum, Turkey: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sedat_Isikay/publication/280826468_P7f004_Orthorexia_nervosa_and_education/links/56092b6708ae576ce63ddf3f.pdf 6. Orthorexia Nervosa in Dieticians: http://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/95447
1

Appreciate
Comment
Book

Be the first to comment
MORE INSIGHTS YOU MIGHT LIKE
Learn more by discovering other insights
Monika Kuzminskaitė on Food & Eating PsychologyHealth psychologist, with special love for food and eating mattersSome time ago
4: So where's psychology in eating? Short answer is - everywhere. Habits. Choices. "Must have" wishes. Holidays. Gifts. Punishments. Non-verbal feeling expressions. Image (vegans, also). Happiness and serotonin. What tastes good and what is healthy, also what is trendy. Science of nutrition, I suspect, is much more about psychology than about physiology. What we eat is most often NOT what body requires at the moment (even though we very often state that we have some kind of "energy boost", and this is why we crave for something sweet. "It's what the brain wants!"). Usually it is what we are used to eat. And habits is truly a meadow of psychology. Why do we have habits like we do is shaped by the culture, family traditions, significant events in our lives, significance that we assign to food and eating (compared to other activities), usual environment in which we eat - and the company of people, and a whole lot of other factors. By the way, we do not usually think about the reasons why we eat the way we do. If we choose from several alternatives (choice, again, is the field of psychology), the final decision is shaped by the opinions and attitudes, environment (fast food stand on the street or Italian white tablecloth restaurant?), time e dedicate for eating ("quick bite"?), your prediction about opinion of other people about your choice (including whether you care at all), knowledge about digestion and nutrition ("if I avoid gluten, my skin will be fabulous"...), automatic thoughts ("I will be very weak if I don't eat right now"), time we spend choosing... Decision not to choose or choose the same thing every time is also a decision! Food may be an important symbol and sign of well-being (Christmas roast, Sunday pancakes, coffee with friends or birthday cake). It also may be a lifelong punishment (like a crust on warm milk... "you are not going anywhere until you are finished with this!"), or a way to show special attention or enforce image (anything from mom's meatballs to Valentine's chocolates or desserts with diamonds). Childhood food leaves especially strong memories, and it consciously or unconsciously becomes our comfort (or punishment) food during times of distress (1). Even where physiology should rule, psychology still peeks from around the corner. After we eat fatty and sweet food (think ice cream), the brain rewards us with a dose of neuromediator serotonin (2, 3). At the same time we think - we are happy. And this happens every time, automatically, as if a button was pushed. And not really because we actually were short for something fat and sweet. So... think before you put anything in your mouth. And why. It's all in your head! My name is Monika, I am health and nutrition psychologist. I help to deal with daily and difficult questions about behavior, thinking, emotions. I write, teach and provide psychological counselling. Book my talk to hear load more about psychology in nutrition! Photo: Devanath from Pixabay #spoonfulofreason #psychology #eating #food ------------------------------------------------------------------ 1. If you are good you can have a cookie: How memories of childhood food rules link to adult eating behaviors: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rebecca_Puhl/publication/8679359_If_you_are_good_you_can_have_a_cookie_How_memories_of_childhood_food_rules_link_to_adult_eating_behaviors/links/0c96052f38db04e424000000.pdf 2.Serotonin, Eating Behavior, and Fat Intake: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/j.1550-8528.1995.tb00214.x/pdf 3. You Are What You Eat: How Food Affects Your Mood: http://dujs.dartmouth.edu/2011/02/you-are-what-you-eat-how-food-affects-your-mood/#.WJoLPPl969I

Appreciate
Comment
Book
Monika Kuzminskaitė on Food & Eating PsychologyHealth psychologist, with special love for food and eating mattersSome time ago
We choose food most often (statistically speaking) based on taste. There is also another, a wider concept - food reward, which is composed of food taste, decreasing of hunger, created pleasure (liking of food) and perceived motivation to eat (wanting). Food reward is a driver of amount o food we eat and commonly thought to be related to obesity. But perhaps food liking and wanting are interacting with weight in different ways? People on a diet during this study had decreased food liking across all food categories, in one year after the study without any interventions - body weight was regained, appetit control weakened and food liking returned to initial level. Overweight women (when compared to normal weight women) did not want high fat/sweet food more, but they wanted low fat/sweet food less. Wanting low fat food was associated with improved appetite control and less fat mass, and wanting high fat food was associated with decreased appetite control and more fat mass. 👆 so, diets bring temporary results (we knew that, right?). If you want your eating method to be helpful in reaching your weight goal - make sure you choose the nicest words and definitions for your food (thus increasing your motivation), low-fat food in this case. Do not eve use anything that related to struggle, limitations, deprivation or similar. This is the expression of your utmost care and love for your body! My name is Monika, I am health and nutrition psychologist. I help to deal with daily and difficult questions about behavior, thinking, emotions. I write, teach and provide psychological counselling. Book my talk to know more about psychology and food entanglement! Study: https://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/29323/ Photo: Steve Buissinne from Pixabay #spoonfulofreason #psychology #food #eating #reward #wanting #motivation #pleasure

Appreciate
Comment
Book
Monika Kuzminskaitė on Food & Eating PsychologyHealth psychologist, with special love for food and eating mattersSome time ago
Well, I read this one with one eyebrow raised and kept thinking about the children who demand that their foods do not touch in the plate. But the research is not about them. After reading at least three times and thinking about it for a bit longer, it does make some sense. So, the research compares how people make assessments about the food that is served "separated" (all products in groups and not touching one another) or "mixed" (like in a salad or stew). - participants believe that "separated" food is less caloric, even if it obviously is (for example, fried snacks) - when eating "separated" food, participants eat more mindfully, they also believe that such food affects body weight more - when eating "separated" food participants also control the amount of the consumed food more - even though here I keep thinking of parties and rivers of snacks flowing freely across the tables and plates; it is possible to eat more of the snacks than to have more salad that you need a spoon or fork to eat... then again, research was done in the lab, not at the party. My conclusions are these. Whenever you can, eat with your hands (this is not part of this research, but you can control the amount of food you eat better, besides, you will get more pleasure out of eating). If possible - try eating food that is "separated" - not salads and stews, think poke bowls of buddha bowls direction. During parties (not fancy dinners, but talking and snacking parties) drink water, and if this does not sound like a plan - get yourself a plate for your portion of snacks, so you don't go foraging across the big platters. And, bon appetit! My name is Monika, I am health and nutrition psychologist. I help to deal with daily and difficult questions about behavior, thinking, emotions. I write, teach and provide psychological counselling. Book my talk to ask more! Research: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/joss.12647 Photo: Miu Sua on Unsplash #spoonfulofreason #psychology #food #eating #perception #calories

Appreciate
Comment
Book
Download Qoorio to talk & learn from other Humans
Sign inJoin Qoorio
We use cookies to personalise content, provide social media features, and analyse our traffic. We value your privacy and only use the most necessary and analytical cookies. You can opt out at any time.