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Monika Kuzminskaitė on Food & Eating PsychologyHealth psychologist, with special love for food and eating mattersSome time ago
62: Ghrelin Ghrelin is one of the most important hormones, participating in the nutrition and metabolism processes (1). Ghrelin is responsible for creating sense of hunger and for "deciding" how much and which energy should be used. Ghrelin is produced in an empty stomach, when it enters the brain, ghrelin connects to the same receptors as leptin (this is a satiety hormone). That means you cannot be hungry and full at the same time. Ghrelin regulates, whether the calories (nutrients) from food will be used for production of energy (ATP), heat, glycogen ("fast" energy) or fat. As the weight increases, level of ghrelin in the blood decreases, and this causes hunger to be felt less frequently. If level pf ghrelin in the blood is increased artificially, hunger is not bigger, but more frequent. Therefore it is considered that ghrelin is the weight control measure. Ghrelin plays part in feeling pleasure when eating tasty food or alcohol (2). When eating for pleasure (not for hunger), level of ghrelin and endocannabinoids in the blood increases (7). Besides other functions, endocannabinoids are responsible for pleasure when eating sweet foods (6). Higher level of ghrelin is related to antidepressant effect. On the other hand, higher level of ghrelin in this research was achieved by increasing level of stress. We know that increased stress has a number of negative consequences (3). Anyway, it looks like when facing stress, depression in difficult to experience. If body lacks sleep, level of ghrelin increases, level of leptin - decreases (4). But you cannot compensate sleep with food, even if you are driven to. In a stress situation level of ghrelin increases regardless of the level of adrenaline produced (5). This is why people feel hungry when stressed. What else can be said. Sleep well, take care of your inner peace, resilience to stress - and eat only when you are hungry. 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghrelin 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghrelin#Function_and_mechanism_of_action 3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2765052/ 4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC535701/ 5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3988273/ 6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endocannabinoid_system#Functions_of_the_endocannabinoid_system 7. https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jc.2011-3018
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Mark Javed on Global Tech NewsTechnology EntrepreneurSome time ago
Who is interested in Space Tourism? R you? Starship is now on priority after the Demo 2 https://dackly.com/starship-rocket-is-top-priority-for-elon-musk-tells-spacex
Starship rocket is Top priority for Elon Musk, tells SpaceX - DACKLY
dackly.com

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Mark JavedTechnology Entrepreneur
haha ya great stuff.
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Monika Kuzminskaitė on Food & Eating PsychologyHealth psychologist, with special love for food and eating mattersSome time ago
67: Who decides now? So, are you eating now a donut that you were forced to eat because everyone was getting one, so you thought oh I should not, but what the hell, and it somehow bought itself and kind of jumped into your mouth all by itself, too? Didn't have time for lunch , so decided to "grab something", so you will not be hungry as hell later at night, this is why you are now eating hamburger and drinking cola, while deciding to start diet, but beginning with Monday, so it does not feel as guilty? So who is deciding what goes into your body? Food decisions is a very serious area of research. The path to your stomach goes across your experience (all the way from your childhood), the advertising that you saw yesterday, the emotions you felt the day before, the people that you eat with, your habits, decisions where you will buy your food, how you will cook it, how much of it there will be, how you will deal with leftovers, whether you like washing dishes and many more (1; 6). Your attitudes regarding healthy lifestyle, natural food, body weight control and ethic ways of preparing food may have significant impact of what ends up on your plate (2). It is just as important whether the food looks appealing to you, smells good, is usual for you, price is acceptable, does not require too much time, and finally, does it provide you with other benefits, such as chance to communicate (3; 6) - yes, lonely salad may lose against cake and coffee with friends, especially if there will be other contributing factors, like failures at work, poor mood, need to discuss work matters, and so on). Influence of close friends is especially important for the adolescents (4). WHAT we eat and HOW MUCH we eat are not parts of the same decision. Most of the advice says that you can eat anything in small quantities. The quantity decisions requires more attention, though. For example, if you buy pizza, and it is only in large size, you will likely eat more of it, than if you would have bought a smaller one. Empty plate is one of the signs of satiety, and you will likely eat more if the food will be called "healthy" or "fat free", regardless of what it really is, because you already "gave licence" for yourself to eat (5). But most of all, everyone needs to be reminded, that every bite is a decision. Considerate, mindful eating is a straight path to the food that you want to be eating all the time. Every decision is yours (except for very few exceptions), unless you push yourself into corner and do not allow yourself time for making those decisions (even if there is hardly anything more important than your health), or "forgiving" yourself with the reasons and explanations that you just found. ------------------------------------------------------ 1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12160-009-9124-5 2. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tessa_Pollard/publication/13538735_Motives_underlying_healthy_eating_Using_the_Food_Choice_Questionnaire_to_explain_variation_in_dietary_intake/links/0912f50929e19991e3000000/Motives-underlying-healthy-eating-Using-the-Food-Choice-Questionnaire-to-explain-variation-in-dietary-intake.pdf 3. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ce7a/6423c24163a7344968c6b9e969d8329a412d.pdf 4. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-277X.1995.tb00292.x/full 5. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/David_Just/publication/227349291_Mindless_Eating_and_Healthy_Heuristics_for_the_Irrational/links/00b7d52d40be563fa2000000.pdf 6. http://www.psychwiki.com/dms/other/labgroup/Measufsdfsdbger345resWeek1/Lindsay/steptoe1995.pdf And here is a great book only about food decisions: https://books.google.lt/books?hl=en&lr=&id=_t0IoTcVxIIC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=food+choice+decisions+healthy&ots=1mlTvPfb8k&sig=dyQgp7oKZx59Vx31hK2-mvCzklE&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=food%20choice%20decisions%20healthy&f=false ------------------------------------------------------ My name is Monika, I am psychologist. I help to deal with daily and difficult questions about behavior, thinking, emotions. I write, counsel and teach.

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Marijus KrasnickasValue Creator Through Unity. Founder of UNO Parks. Your Gold Fish.
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